Early days in Caroline County, VA -- which today encompasses the communities of Bowling Green, Corbin, Ladysmith, Milford, Port Royal, Rappahannock Academy, Ruther Glen, Sparta, and Woodford -- are recalled through a mixture of colorful tales and factual data in this New 46-page booklet, comprised of excerpts from three rare vintage books: Historical Collections of Virginia by Henry Howe; Twelve Counties of Virginia by John H. Gwathmey; and Virginia, a Guide to the Old Dominion, a WPA Writer's Program publication. The spiral-bound booklet is printed on 60# 8 1/2 x11" paper, with the print enlarged to fit the paper. The front cover is protected with a vinyl sheet. The Howe history, printed in 1845, covers the early development of this area, while excerpts from the WPA book, give a nostalgic glimpse from a 1940 vantage point, including interesting historical notes and sightseeing possibilities. Gwathmey's 1937 contribution, sub-titled "Where the Western Migration Began" is a rich resource for the names of prominent families. Many of these early settlers and/or their descendants later migrated to the "western" states of Kentucky, Ohio, etc. Because the booklet is comprised of excerpts from several sources, there may occasionally be duplication of material. Among the many subjects discussed are: Physical Features of the Area; George Washington and other famous visitors; Early Transportation; Five Early Taverns; Edmund Pendleton, "Caroline's Most Distinguished Son"; General William Woodford, whose forces defeated Lord Dunmore; Col. John Taylor, early advocate of States' Rights; John Penn, native of Caroline County, who led North Carolina to declare independence from Great Britain; George Rogers Clark and his brother, William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark expedition); George Armistead, "Hero of Fort McHenry"; the Major Minor family; the John Hoomes family; the John Baylor family; Dr. J.A.C. Chandler, noted educator; Distinguished Ministers; and the names of many others; Oldest Masonic Lodge charter in USA; How Peumansend Creek was named; Members of the House of Burgesses from Caroline County; the County in the Revolution, including officers above the rank of Lieutenant; Militia in the War of 1812; Units from Caroline County in the Confederacy; the Death of General Stonewall Jackson; the death of the assassin, John Wilkes Booth, with an interesting theory; Imprisonment of Baptist ministers for preaching without a license; Round Oak Church, Grace Church, Waller's Church, County Line Church, and Wright's Chapel; the Courthouse at Bowling Green and the portaits therein; early judges; Newmarket, and other old estates and their founders; Early Race Track at site of Bowling Green, and "Fearnaught" and "Stirling," early imported horses; Why "ten pins" replaced "nine pins"; Captain Harry Thornton, adept at outwitting the sheriffs of two counties; Mysterious happenings at Old Mansion; Polecat Church; and other interesting bits of history and trivia. The sole illustration is a sketch of the Caroline Courthouse.
Caroline County, VA
Sources: Historical Collections of Virginia / History of Caroline County
Authors: Henry Howe
Original Publication Year: 1845
Original Publisher: Durrie and Peck and J.W. Barber
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